By: Dan Phale*
Only healthy people are capable of advancing their lives in all areas of socioeconomic development. Hence a need that we must take time to look at issues of one of the killer diseases worldwide. The facts herein are those which I have managed to gather through a research which I have carried out so far.
Throughout the web of statistical information on health issues there is one disease which is seen to be as dazzling like diamond as one of the leading fatal diseases in the world. And this is none other than malaria which is a mosquito-bite infectious disease affecting human beings and other animals. Health experts say that it is mostly transmitted by female anopheles mosquitoes. They also say that at times transmission occurs by direct inoculation of the infected red blood cells through blood transfusion or needles.
Some of the signs and symptoms include headache, general body pains, high fever, vomitting, anaemic conditions, and feeling tired. Of course in some cases these signs and symptoms are akin to those of typhoid fever, which is why it is highly advisable that one should not think of administering to oneself medicinal drugs without consulting the trained personnel.
Treatment of malaria is somehow complex on account of the emergence of drug resistant mosquito vectors coupled with the indisputable fact that every year large populations of people get infected in many parts of the globe. At the same time we take cognizance of the fact that economy in many countries is not sufficiently vibrant to enable such large populations to get cured from malaria because most of the rural masses are poor. Furthermore it is very sad to note that some health workers steal the same medicinal drugs which are already inadequate. In this view prevention is relatively cheaper than medical treatment.
It follows, then, that we have a duty to be proactive all the times than being reactive. All the grasses and stagnant water are the breeding areas of mosquitoes. Hence a risk of transmission of malaria becomes higher in those environments. Therefore, it is very significant that we must ensure that all the times our surroundings are cleared of unwanted vegetation, and that the stagnant water is drained in a bid to break the life cycle of mosquitoes. Other ways of mosquito-bite control are by spraying insecticides, and using treated bed nets… Suffice to mention herein that many people – one of whom being my friend on Facebook – believe in a myth that the bed nets are treated with chemicals which have the potential to make men impotent; and this means that there is a great need of civic education.
There is, however, a grain of hope that one day the scientists will come up with antimalarial vaccine which, currently, is under trials in countries like Ghana, Kenya, and Malawi. May the almighty God grant